To attain these objectives, the proposed project will implement:
The proposed project will establish approximately a total of 2000 Ha. The plantation will improve ecological conditions and mangrove productivity (fish, shellfish, oyster and crab).
The project aims to be registered under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The project is a reforestation project that will contribute to the mitigation of Climate Change through the removals of green house gases form the atmosphere. By the photosynthesis mangrove will get of the CO2 from the air to store it in the biomass.
To attain these objectives, the proposed project will implement :
See in the following table, as an example, the schedule of 2009 mangrove reforestation campaign:
|I. Teams recruitment and headquarter equipment|
|Activity 1.1. : Ground mission and recruitment||X||X||X|
|Activity 1.2. : Equipment||X||X|
|Activity 1.3. : Teams training||X|
|II. Awareness program|
|Activity 2.1. : Material preparation||X|
|Activity 2.2. : Awareness campaign and identification of area managers||X||X||X|
|Activity 2.3. : Training local population||X||X|
|Activity 2.4. : Coordination meeting||X|
|III. Reforestation Campaign|
|Activity 3.1. : Propagule collection and support to the local people||X||X||X||X|
|Activity 3.2. : Financial support to local population for the reforestation||X||X||X||X|
|Activity 3.3. : Technical and logistic support to local populations during the reforestation||X||X||X||X|
|Activity 3.4. : Communication||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X|
|Activity 3.5. : General assemblies and participatory analysis of the campaign||X|
|IV. Plantation monitoring|
|Activity 4.1. : Monitoring protocol||X|
|Activity 4.2. : Training local population for monitoring campaign||X||X|
|Activity 4.3. : Oceanium support for the monitoring||X||X||X||X||X|
|Activity 4.4. : Monitoring report||X||X||X||X||X|
The CDM project will follow all the rules of the UNFCCC. The reforestation will be performed taking into account the following activities:
Site preparation: During plantation there will not be pre-existing vegetation clearance and soil preparation. All plantation activity will be performed manually.
Site selection: Three criteria were taken into account during planting plots selection:
Training and awareness
Oceanium works on the sustainable management of natural resources. Its method of intervention is based on the Social Communication and the Participative management. To reach a rigorous management of the resource by the local populations, it is imperative to train them in order to appropriate the method. The intention is change the approach and behavior of local populations.
To reach this intention and have an optimum efficiency on the ground, it is indispensable to diversify the tools of raising awareness. Oceanium uses a panel of social communications tools such as:
Not seedling preparation will be necessary, propagules will be collected directly from the mature mangrove (already fallen or directly from the tree). When available, propagules will be collected near the plantation sites and transported by the planting team. If there are not propagules in the area they will be collected and transported in bags with vehicles (trucks, boats, etc.) from other regions with similar ecological conditions.
Preferably, propagules should be planted the same day they are collected. When this is not possible, then they will be stored in closed sacs, inside the water and in a shady place during a maximum period of one day.
Good propagules will be selected, discarding those in bad conditions (broken, dry, etc) and then planted manually in a straight position, perpendicular to the ground. Around 1/3 of the propagule will be buried in the ground.
In 2008, 6 302 000 Rizophora were planted in 12 areas (110 villages) of Casamance. This operation took place in the record time of only 43 days. The surface of plantations is being collected now. We will be able to give the exact surface in one or two month.
In 2009, approximately 36 700 000 of Rhizophora were planted what corresponds approximately at 2000 hectares.
More than 2000 ha of mangrove restored, local communities awarded on environmental conservation and a Project design document (PDD) necessary for the project registration under the CDM.
The use of satellite pictures for the success of the project is indispensable for several reasons :
As above mentioned, the project is implemented by local communities and the project activity will contribute not only to environmental protection but also to socio-economic improvement in the rural area including: capacity building of local people, employment creation and increase of mangrove productivity. Several activities will take place to improve the knowledge of the local communities on environment conservation, mangrove restoration and management. During the implementation of the project, short term employment will be generated for the management of the plantations and during the monitoring process. The mangrove restoration will improve the mangrove production leading to a potential income increase for local people.
The project activity will contribute not only to environmental protection but also to socio-economic improvement in the rural area including: capacity building of local people, employment creation and increase of mangrove productivity. Several activities will take place to improve the knowledge of the local communities on environment conservation, mangrove restoration and management. During the implementation of the project, short term employment will be generated for the management of the plantations and during the monitoring process. The mangrove restoration will improve the mangrove production leading to a potential income increase for local people.