Wise use of Burdur Closed Basin water resources

Turkey

Burdur Lake Festival Celebration 2008

In Depth Coverage

Wise use of Burdur Closed Basin water resources to initiate local actions on climate change

As one of the most effective nature conservation NGOs in Turkey, Doga Dernegi (DD-BirdLife International partner designate in Turkey) has already been working in Burdur Closed Basin for two years in collaboration with various local stakeholders. This project proposal aims to initiate integrated river basin management system in this basin through meetings, trainings and workshops; assess ecological impacts and economical benefits of past and current project water related projects (drainage, irrigation and dam building) in Burdur Closed Basin; Gradual conversion to efficient irrigation techniques in the Burdur Closed Basin via promotion and hands on implementation of drip irrigation at 2 pilot fields in order to increase water use efficiency; and know-how transfer on wetland management and climate change local actions through a national network of local stakeholders.

  • Link With Climate Change

    Open

    DD’s Key Biodiversity Areas book assessed main pressures on Turkey’s Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), thus, on Turkey’s biodiversity. Wetlands and associated grasslands were identified as most threatened habitat types. At least five wetland KBAs (Eşmekaya Marshes, Hotamış Marshes, Sultan Marshes, Ereğli Plain, Seyfe Lake) were lost entirely – within 5-10 years – and many other sites (at least 20) vanished up to 75% during the same period.

    Although Turkey has large amount of experts on irrigation and engineering, there is only limited expertise on wetland management, restoration, wise use of water resources and climate change adaptations. Nevertheless, the increasing numbers of drying lakes has raised larger attention of the Turkish community on water issues. It has now become critical to differentiate between the effects of climate change and the effects of investments on Turkish lakes, to form an informed public opinion and also initiate local action groups for climate change adaptation actions.

  • Objectives

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    Project Goal: Initiate a basin wide management mechanism in Burdur Closed Basin for wise use of water resources to decrease the effects of climate change on wetlands.

    Objectives:

    1. Initiate basin wide management in the Burdur Closed Basin as a case study for other basins in Turkey.

    2. Assessment of the ecological impacts and economical benefits of past and current project water related projects (drainage, irrigation and dam building) in Burdur Closed Basin

    3. Gradual conversion to efficient irrigation techniques in the Burdur Closed Basin via promotion and hands on implementation of drip irrigation at 2 pilot fields in order to increase water use efficiency.

    4. Know-how transfer on wetland management and climate change local actions through a national network of local stakeholders.

  • Technical and Scientific Approach & Methods Proposed

    Open

    Working closely with the local authorities an integrated river basin management mechanism will be initiated. Trainings, workshops and meetings will be organized. A detailed report on current land cover and assessment of ecological impacts and economical benefits of water related projects (drainage, irrigation and dam building) in the Burdur Closed Basin will be published and disseminated.

  • Results

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    Deliverables:
    An assessment report of water related projects in Burdur Closed Basin

    An experience sharing workshop on wetland management in Turkey

    Expected results:
    At least 2 more farmers implemented the drip irrigation system in Burdur Lake region.

    There exists an active local organization or network of farmers.

    The hydrological model preparation process is started.

  • Local Actions

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    1. Demonstration of drip irrigation in 2 selected fields to disseminate the results throughout the basin

    2. Running 2 trainings on drip irrigation in villages

    3. Establish a network of farmers and others on wise use of water resources in the basin with a potential to become as a legal body of farmers in the future.

    4. Organizing a meeting on integrated basin management with the participation of all stakeholders in the basin

    5. Trainings on integrated basin management for key local decision makers, academicians and local NGOs members in the Burdur Closed Basin.

    6. Mobilize local governmental organizations and universities to prepare the hydrological model of the Burdur Closed Basin, with an assessment of impacts of dams and other projects.

    7. Preparation of a detailed report assessing the ecological impacts and economical benefits of water related projects (drainage, irrigation and dam building) in the Burdur Closed Basin.

    8. Publication and widely dissemination of the report

    9. Organizing a workshop with the participation of decision makers and local actors of the current management plans to evaluate the current situation on wetland management plans to share the findings of the Burdur Closed Basin Project.

  • Miscellaneous information / interesting details on project

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    One of the Turkey's Ramsar site, the Burdur Lake, is one of those sites. Doga Dernegi has already carrying out projects in Burdur Closed Basin in collaboration with Burdur Governorship and Municipality. Burdur Lake is primarily important for the vast numbers of waterfowl, which occur, principally in winter and for migrating birds. More than 300 000 water birds stop-overs in the site including the endangered white - headed duck Oxyura leucocephala. The lake also hosts 3 regional endemic freshwater fish species: Aphanius anatoliae sureyanus, Cobitis (Bicanestrinia) turcica and Pseudophoxinus meandri. These works are supported by United Nations and MAVA Foundation.

    This project proposal results will help Doga Dernegi's MAVA project to increase the effects of these current projects.

    DD's GIS team library has 1990 and 200 Landsat images and 2006 Spot images of the region to be used in comparison analysis and assessment of water related projects. There is a need for 2008 summer SPOT images to finalise land and vegetation cover maps, delineation of current farming practices and determination of drip irrigation pilot study areas, comparison of past and current wetland surface area and land cover in the basin and also to help hydrological model preparation phase for Burdur Closed Basin.

  • Region Name

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    Burdur Closed Basin
  • Partners involved in project

    Open
    No partners